10. Chief Joseph
Chief Joseph or Young Joseph was the leader of Nez Perce band. An influx of white gold miners has compelled US government to force Nez Perce to go to a much smaller reservation area than previously agreed. The refusal to sign for a new agreement led to a conflict, as two thousand US troops pursued Nez Perce band to the Canadian border.
Devastated by constant battles and freezing temperature, Nez Perce surrendered. Unfortunately, their plight didn’t end there; captured Nez Perce men were forced to ride on unheated rail cars to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and then the Indian Territory in Oklahoma,\; many were died of diseases.